Minggu, 26 Juli 2015

Colorectal cancer

Colon cancer does not come from overnight. But the first indications are uncharacteristic and in no pain, they are easily dismissed as a mood disorder. That there are no reliable early symptoms of colon cancer, early detection is so important.

Colorectal Cancer: Symptoms
An indefinite reduction in performance, increased fatigue, pale skin, unexplained weight loss, possibly low-grade fever and unusually strong night sweats: All these general symptoms are uncharacteristic, can be but first indications of a developing intestinal cancer. Because they are too ambiguous, they are usually not properly counted and the bowel cancer has time to develop.
The first signs of colon cancer, which serve strictly as a typical warning sign should give rise, without the doctor to consult further delay, are visible blood admixtures in the Chair, change in bowel habits, mainly alternating between diarrhea and constipation, but also more often defecate and putrid purulent Chair smell, recurrent abdominal pain and bloating, especially with an accompanying Chair finish. The latter symptom is also called "Symptom of the false friend".

Signs of colon cancer in the rectum
In a British study of 5500 colorectal cancer patients, repeated intestinal bleeding and changes in bowel habits proved to beweiskräftigste signs of colon cancer. However, you can never say: no blood, so no colon cancer. Since blood admixtures in the Chair often also for hemorrhoids, should you not just do blood seating, but also necessarily having an in-depth study on colorectal cancer at the same time existing hemorrhoids.

Of colorectal cancer in the rectum is localized, it causes often painful bowel movements and blood seating mixed with mucus. The tumor already narrowed the rectum, is the result of a so-called "pencil Chair" and it comes to involuntary Chair and wind outlet. Especially for a bowel tumor on the right side, occasionally a hardening is palpable.

As an opportunity take advantage of early detection of colorectal cancer
So far, it should not be. Aim early detection of colorectal cancer is colorectal cancer at an early stage, in which he caused still no symptoms, to discover and remove. Because colon cancer is 100 percent curable when it is detected at an early stage. And there are good ways to do this: colon cancer develops slowly; It takes about 5 to 10 years, up from a precursor - a benign adenoma - a malignant tumor due to continuous genetic changes.

Over 90% of colorectal cancers develop on the ground of a pre-existing adenoma, which can be very well recognized and removed during a colonoscopy. The risk of developing colorectal cancer increases rapidly from 50 years of age. Legally insured are entitled to the following preventive medical examinations in the frame of the colorectal cancer screening at this age:
From the 50th to the 55. Years of age annually a Chair hidden blood and examination a palpation of the rectum

From the age of 55, a right to choose between a total twice colonoscopy (colonoscopy) at a distance of 10 years or a stool examination for hidden blood is every 2 years.

Checkups are under-utilised
There is a familial risk for colorectal cancer or an increased risk due to a chronic inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease should start much earlier depending on the nature of the risk of colorectal cancer screening. The Felix Burda Foundation has called the colon cancer month March the month since 2002, to draw attention in the population ever again intensively on this topic.

Because unfortunately the screening be still far too little of those entitled to claim for the early detection of colorectal cancer. Only 34% of women and 17% of men take advantage of the opportunity to prevent colorectal cancer at an early stage in the creation of. But still, 27 000 people a year are victims of colon cancer in Germany.

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